PEP II

High Energy Ring

High Energy Ring

PEP II for electrons (HER)

A High Energy Ring was designed using Win-AGILE, a tool by P. J. Bryant for lattice design on Windows.

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Data used:

Calculations

We first make an estimation of the total number of cells in the ring:

2200 / 15.2 = 144.7 cells

Next, we calculate the number of elements per cell:

(192 D + 290 Q) / 144.7 = 3.33 elements per cell

The Dipole / Quadrupole ratio is approximately 1.5. Since the number of elements per cell is not an integer, instead of taking one cell as a unit, we take 3 cells of 15.2 m, where we can fit in 4 Dipoles and 6 Quadrupoles. The number of "triple" cells we have is 48.

48 x 4 = 192 D
48 x 6 = 288 Q

We still need to fit in 2 Quadrupoles. We have 47 identical cells and one where we will put the 2 Quadrupoles. Then we make an estimation of the size of each element, taking the proportions used previously as reference:

Quadrupoles = 1    Dipoles = 5    Drifts = 10

and we obtain the following values:

Q = 0.31 m    D = 1.8 m    Dr = 3.52 m

Now, we calculate the deflection angle:

θ = 2π / 192 = 0.032725 rad

To calculate the k-quad constant we check the distance between Quadrupoles:

d = 3.88 m

Since the condition of stability is f ≥ d / 2:

f ≥ 1.94 m

and

f = 1 / kL

then,

k < 1 / fL, with L = Rθ

and we obtain:

k = 0.045

Simulations with Win-AGILE

The values obtained from these calculations were introduced in the Win-AGILE simulator using two files:

Since PEP II was not working, PEP I (all units identical) was used. Some values were changed, like the size of the elements of the lattice, based on the specifications of the real PEP, and the value of k for the track to be correct.

Based on these modifications, the data was recalculated:

Q = 0.56 m    D = 3.80 m    Dr = 2.60 m
θ = 2π / 192 = 0.032725 rad

d = 3.16 m
f ≥ d / 2    ⇒    f ≥ 1.94 m
k < 1 / fL, with L = Rθ

k = 0.0055

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Calendar icon Published: 2004-05-09 23:43

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